Equations for estimating the above-ground biomass of Larix sibirica in the forest-steppe of Mongolia

Biomass functions were established to estimate above-ground biomass of Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) in the Altai Mountains of Mongolia. The functions are based on biomass sampling of trees from 18 different sites, which represent the driest locations within the natural range of L. sibirica. The best performing regression model was found for the equations y = (D2 H)/(a+bD) for stem biomass, y = aDb for branch biomass, and y=aDb Hc for needle biomass, where D is the stem diameter at breast height and H is the tree height. The robustness of the biomass functions is assessed by comparison with equations which had been previously published from a plantation in Iceland. There, y=aDb Hc was found to be the most significant model for stem and total above-ground biomasses. Applying the equations from Iceland for estimating the above-ground biomass of trees from Mongolia resulted in the underestimation of the biomass in large-diameter trees and the overestimation of the biomass in thin trees. The underestimation of thick-stemmed trees is probably attributable to the higher wood density, which has to be expected under the ultracontinental climate of Mongolia compared to theeuoceanic climate of Iceland. The overestimation of the biomass in trees with low stem diameter is probably due to the high density of young growth in the not systematically managed forests of the Mongolian Altai Mountains, which inhibits branching, whereas the plantations in Iceland are likely to have been planted in lower densities.

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Author Purevragchaa Battulga • Jamsran Tsogtbaatar • Choimaa Dulamsuren • Markus Hauck
Maintainer Batsaikhan
Version 1
Last Updated October 1, 2018, 09:24 (UTC)
Created September 26, 2018, 08:29 (UTC)